GM2 (GENERAL MIDI LEVEL 2)

GM2 adalah standar internasional format generasi nada, yang diadopsi pada tahun 1999 oleh MIDI Manufacturers Association (MMA) dan dirancang untuk mencapai ekspresi musik yang lebih besar dan kompatibilitas perangkat keras dan perangkat lunak. Sebuah peningkatan GM sebelumnya standar spesifikasi operasional, yaitu untuk mengedit suara dan efek yang tidak dimiliki oleh pendahulu-nya, serta memperluas jumlah nada yang tersedia. Sound Generator GM2 kompatibel & mampu memutar ulang data dengan benar semua musik yg diidentifikasi dengan GM atau tanda GM2.

GM2 kompatibel synthesizer mengakses semua instrumen dengan menetapkan 256 cc # 0 (Bank select MSB) menjadi 121 dan menggunakan cc # 32 (Bank select LSB) untuk memilih bank variasi sebelum Perubahan Program.

Spesifikasi:

  • Polyphonic: 32 simultaneous notes
  • MIDI Channels: 16
  • Simultaneous Melodic Instruments – up to 16 (all Channels)
  • Simultaneous Percussion Kits – up to 2 (Channel 10/11)

DAFTAR SOUND:


PIANO

  • 1. 0 – Acoustic Grand Piano
    1 –  Wet Acoustic Grand
    2  – Dry Acoustic Grand
  • 2. 0 – Bright Acoustic Piano
    1 – Wet Bright Acoustic
  • 3. 0 – Electric Grand Piano
    1  – Wet Electric Grand
  • 4. 0 – Honky-tonk Piano
    1 –  Wet Honky-tonk
  • 5. 0 – Rhodes Piano
    1 – Detuned Electric Piano 1
    2 – Electric Piano 1 Variation
    3 – 60’s Electric Piano
  • 6. 0 – Chorused Electric Piano
    1 – Detuned Electric Piano 2
    2 – Electric Piano 2 Variation
    3 – Electric Piano Legend
    4 – Electric Piano Phase
  • 7. 0 – Harpsichord
    1 – Coupled Harpsichord
    2 – Wet Harpsichord
    3 – Open Harpsichord
  • 8. 0 – Clavinet
    1 – Pulse Clavinet

CHROMATIC PERCUSSION

  • 9. 0 –  Celesta
  • 10. 0  – Glockenspiel
  • 11. 0 – Music Box
  • 12. 0 – Vibraphone
    1 –  Wet Vibraphone
  • 13. 0 – Marimba
    1 – Wet Marimba
  • 14. 0 – Xylophone
  • 15. 0 – Tubular Bell
    1 – Church Bell
    2 – Carillon
  • 16. 0 – Santur

OrganPatch

  • 17. 0 –  Hammond Organ
    1 –  Detuned Organ 1
    2 –  60’s Organ 1
    3 –  Organ 4
  • 18.  0 – Percussive Organ
    1 – Detuned Organ 2
    2 – Organ 5
  • 19. 0 – Rock Organ
  • 20. 0 – Church Organ 1
    1 – Church Organ 2
    2 – Church Organ 3
  • 21. 0 – Reed Organ
    1 – Puff Organ
  • 22. 0 – French Accordion
    1 – Italian Accordion
  • 23. 0 – Harmonica
  • 24. 0 – Bandoneon

Guitar

  • 25. 0 Nylon-String Guitar
    1 Ukulele
    2 Open Nylon Guitar
    3 Nylon Guitar 2
  • 26. 0 Steel-String Guitar
    1 12-String Guitar
    2 Mandolin
    3 Steel + Body
  • 27. 0 Jazz Guitar
    1 Hawaiian Guitar
  • 28. 0 Clean Electric Guitar
    1 Chorus Guitar
    2 Mid Tone Guitar
  • 29. 0 Muted Electric Guitar
    1 Funk Guitar
    2 Funk Guitar 2
    3 Jazz Man
  • 30. 0 Overdriven Guitar
    1 Guitar Pinch
  • 31. 0 Distortion Guitar
    1 Feedback Guitar
    2 Distortion Rtm Guitar
  • 32. 0 Guitar Harmonics
    1 Guitar Feedback

Bass

  • 33. 0 Acoustic Bass
  • 34. 0 Fingered Bass
    1 Finger Slap
  • 35. 0 Picked Bass
  • 36. 0 Fretless Bass
  • 37. 0 Slap Bass 1
  • 38. 0 Slap Bass 2
  • 39. 0 Synth Bass 1
    1 Synth Bass 101
    2 Synth Bass 3
    3 Clavi Bass
    4 Hammer
  • 40. 0 Synth Bass 2
    1 Synth Bass 4
    2 Rubber Bass
    3 Attack Pulse

Orchestra Solo

  • 41. 0 Violin
    1 Slow Violin
  • 42. 0 Viola
  • 43. 0 Cello
  • 44. 0 Contrabass
  • 45. 0 Tremolo Strings
  • 46. 0 Pizzicato Strings
  • 47. 0 Harp
    1 Yang Qin
  • 48. 0 Timpani

Orchestra Ensemble

  • 49. 0 String Ensemble
    1 Orchestra Strings
    2 60’s Strings
  • 50. 0 Slow String Ensemble
  • 51. 0 Synth Strings 1
    1 Synth Strings 3
  • 52. 0 Synth Strings 2
  • 53. 0 Choir Aahs
    1 Choir Aahs 2
  • 54. 0 Voice Oohs
    1 Humming
  • 55. 0 Synth Voice
    1 Analog Voice
  • 56. 0 Orchestra Hit
    1 Bass Hit
    2 6th Hit
    3 Euro Hit

Brass

  • 57. 0 Trumpet
    1 Dark Trumpet
  • 58. 0 Trombone
    1 Trombone 2
    2 Bright Trombone
  • 59. 0 Tuba
  • 60. 0 Muted Trumpet
    1 Muted Trumpet 2
  • 61. 0 French Horns
    1 French Horn 2
  • 62. 0 Brass Section 1
    1 Brass Section 2
  • 63. 0 Synth Brass 1
    1 Synth Brass 3
    2 Analog Brass 1
    3 Jump Brass
  • 64. 0 Synth Brass 2
    1 Synth Brass 4
    2 Analog Brass 2

Reed

  • 65. 0 Soprano Sax
  • 66. 0 Alto Sax
  • 67. 0 Tenor Sax
  • 68. 0 Baritone Sax
  • 69. 0 Oboe
  • 70. 0 English Horn
  • 71. 0 Bassoon
  • 72. 0 Clarinet

Wind

  • 73. 0 Piccolo
  • 74. 0 Flute
  • 75. 0 Recorder
  • 76. 0 Pan Flute
  • 77. 0 Bottle Blow
  • 78. 0 Shakuhachi
  • 79. 0 Whistle
  • 80. 0 Ocarina

Synth Lead

  • 81. 0 Square Lead
    1 Square Wave
    2 Sine Wave
  • 82. 0 Saw Lead
    1 Saw Wave
    2 Doctor Solo
    3 Natural Lead
    4 Sequenced Saw
  • 83. 0 Synth Calliope
  • 84. 0 Chiffer Lead
  • 85. 0 Charang
    1 Wire Lead
  • 86. 0 Solo Synth Vox
  • 87. 0 5th Saw Wave
  • 88. 0 Bass & Lead
    1 Delayed Lead

Synth Pad

  • 89. 0 Fantasia Pad
  • 90. 0 Warm Pad
    1 Sine Pad
  • 91. 0 Polysynth Pad
  • 92. 0 Space Voice Pad
    1 Itopia
  • 93. 0 Bowed Glass Pad
  • 94. 0 Metal Pad
  • 95. 0 Halo Pad
  • 96. 0 Sweep Pad

Synth Sound FX

  • 97. 0 Ice Rain
  • 98. 0 Soundtrack
  • 99. 0 Crystal
    1 Synth Mallet
  • 100. 0 Atmosphere
  • 101. 0 Brightness
  • 102. 0 Goblin
  • 103. 0 Echo Drops
    1 Echo Bell
    2 Echo Pan
  • 104. 0 Star Theme

Ethnic

  • 105. 0 Sitar
    1 Sitar 2
  • 106. 0 Banjo
  • 107. 0 Shamisen
  • 108. 0 Koto
    1 Taisho Koto
  • 109. 0 Kalimba
  • 110. 0 Bagpipe
  • 111. 0 Fiddle
  • 112. 0 Shanai

Percussive

  • 113. 0 Tinkle Bell
  • 114. 0 Agogo
  • 115. 0 Steel Drums
  • 116. 0 Woodblock
    1 Castanets
  • 117. 0 Taiko
    1 Concert Bass Drum
  • 118. 0 Melodic Tom 1
    1 Melodic Tom 2
  • 119. 0 Synth Drum
    1 808 Tom
    2 Electric Percussion
  • 120. 0 Reverse Cymbal

Sound Effect

  • 121.  0 Guitar Fret Noise
    1 Guitar Cut Noise
    2 String Slap
  • 122. 0 Breath Noise
    1 Flute Key Click
  • 123. 0 Seashore
    1 Rain
    2 Thunder
    3 Wind
    4 Stream
    5 Bubble
  • 124. 0 Bird
    1 Dog
    2 Horse-Gallop
    3 Bird 2
  • 125. 0 Telephone 1
    1 Telephone 2
    2 Door Creaking
    3 Door Closing
    4 Scratch
    5 Wind Chimes
  • 126. 0 Helicopter
    1 Car-Engine
    2 Car-Stop
    3 Car-Pass
    4 Car-Crash
    5 Siren
    6 Train
    7 Jetplane
    8 Starship
    9 Burst Noise
  • 127. 0 Applause
    1 Laughing
    2 Screaming
    3 Punch
    4 Heart Beat
    5 Footsteps
  • 128. 0 Gun Shot
    1 Machine Gun
    2 Lasergun
    3 Explosion

Drum sounds

Ini adalah nomor patch yang sama sebagaimana dimaksud dalam GS. Drum bank diakses dengan menetapkan cc # 0 (Bank select MSB) ke 120 dan cc # 32 (Bank select LSB) ke 0 dan PC (Program Perubahan) untuk memilih drum kit.

  • 1 Standard Kit – kit hanya ditentukan oleh General MIDI Tingkat 1
  • 9 Room Kit – ambien suara perkusif
  • 17 Power Kit – Powerfull Kick dan suara snare
  • 25 Elektronik Kit – emulasi drum elektronik berbagai mesin
  • 26 TR-808 Kit – analog drum kit mirip dengan Roland TR-808
  • 33 Jazz Kit – hampir identik dengan kit Standar
  • 41 Brush Kit – banyak suara yg ditambah
  • 49 Orchestra Kit – koleksi konser drum dan timpani
  • 57 Sound FX Kit – kumpulan efek suara
  • 128 CM-64/CM-32L – MT standar-32 Drum Kit

Note perkusi tambahan

Sama dengan Drum Kits GS dan span Drum Kits 1-49:

  • 27 High Q
  • 28 Slap
  • 29 Scratch
  • 30 Scratch
  • 31 Sticks
  • 32 Square
  • 33 Metronome
  • 34 Metronome
  • 82 Shaker
  • 83 Jingle Bell
  • 84 Belltree
  • 85 Castanets
  • 86 Mute Surdo
  • 87 Open Surdo

Control Change (CC):

  • Bank Select (cc#0/32)
  • Modulation Depth (cc#1)
  • Portamento Time (cc#5)
  • Channel Volume (cc#7)
  • Pan (cc#10)
  • Expression (cc#11)
  • Hold1 (Damper) (cc#64)
  • Portamento ON/OFF (cc#65)
  • Sostenuto (cc#66)
  • Soft (cc#67)
  • Filter Resonance (Timbre/Harmonic Intensity) (cc#71)
  • Release Time (cc#72)
  • Attack Time (cc#73)
  • Brightness (cc#74)
  • Decay Time (cc#75) (new message)
  • Vibrato Rate (cc#76) (new message)
  • Vibrato Depth (cc#77) (new message)
  • Vibrato Delay (cc#78) (new message)
  • Reverb Send Level (cc#91)
  • Chorus Send Level (cc#93)
  • Data Entry (cc#6/38)
  • RPN LSB/MSB (cc#100/101)

Registered Parameter Numbers (RPNs):

  • Pitch Bend Sensitivity
  • Channel Fine Tune
  • Channel Coarse Tune
  • Modulation Depth Range (Vibrato Depth Range)
  • RPN NULL


System Exclusive (SysEx) messages:

  • Master Volume
  • Master Fine Tuning
  • Master Coarse Tuning
  • Reverb Type
  • Reverb Time
  • Chorus Type
  • Chorus Mod Rate
  • Chorus Mod Depth
  • Chorus Feedback
  • Chorus Send to Reverb
  • Controller Destination Setting
  • Scale/Octave Tuning Adjust
  • Key-Based Instrument Controllers
  • GM2 System On
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